Sigmund Freud (1856 - 1939)

Father of psychoanalysis, best known for such works as Interpretation of dreams (1900/1965) and the New introductory lectures on psychoanalysis (1933/1965). In the publication of these -- and numerous other works -- he revolutionized the field of psychotherapy, so much so that often later workers have failed to recognize our forebearers prior to him. Throughout his work he emphasized the role of unconscious and nonrational functioning, going against much of contemporary thought by suggesting that dreams and "mistakes" may also have meaning.

Anna Freud (1895 - 1982)

Important in her own right, but diverging from her father in emphasizing the role of the ego (as opposed to id forces) in psychological functioning. Her book The ego and mechanisms of defense (1936) laid the groundwork for ego psychology. She was one of the first psychoanalysts to work primarily with children.

FreudNet is an excellent web source for more information on psychoanalysis, as well as Sigmund Freud's life and works.

Psych Web has put Freud's Interpretation of dreams on the web. Read and enjoy!

This page was written to support my Theories of Counseling and Psychotherapy class. I take full responsibility for any errors that are present herein.

Page by jms

Last modified July 20, 1998.

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